SEA REGION - BOTAS TERMINAL -MARMARA EREGLISI
/ Marmara Sea
/ Aegean Sea
OPERATED BY: Botas Petroleum
ADDRESS: Botas LNG Terminal, P.O. Box 17 Marmara Ereglisi -
TELEPHONE: (282) 613 02 50/5 lines
FAX: (282) 613 35 48
LOCATION: The port is situated within following co-ordinates:
Lat. 40° 58' 12" N. , Long. 27° 52' 00" E.
Lat. 40° 57' 00" N. , Long. 27° 52' 00" E.
Lat. 40° 57' 00" N. , Long. 28° 00' 00" E.
Lat. 40° 01' 36" N. , Long. 28° 00' 00" E.
ABOUT BOTAS: The Head Office of Botaþ is located in Ankara.
The Ankara District Management in Yapracik - Ankara and the Ceyhan
District Management in Yumurtalýk - Ceyhan both directly report to
the General Directorate. Besides, the Dortyol Operation Management
is located in Dortyol - Iskenderun and the LNG (Liquefied Natural
Gas) Import Terminal Operation Management is located in Marmara
Ereglisi - Tekirdag. Botas's orginal business of transportation of
crude oil by pipelines has expanded to cover the natural gas
transportation and trade activities since 1987. Hence, the company
has gained a trade company identity. Currently, the company holds
monopoly in import, distribution, pricing and sale of natural gas in
Turkey. In 1995, the article of "to carry out all kinds of petroleum
related activities such as exploration, drilling, production,
transportation, storage and rafining, for the purpose of providing
crude oil and natural gas from abroad" was added to the field of
activities of Botas which had been defined as: "to construct and
have constructed all types of pipelines for petroleum, petroleum
products, and natural gas within and outside of Turkey; to take over,
purchase or lease those pipelines that have already been built; to
transport petroleum, petroleum products and natural gas through the
pipelines and to purchase and sell the crude oil and natural gas
transported in the pipelines."
DESCRIPTION OF THE PORT: Marmara Ereglisi Liquefied Natural
Gas (LNG) Import Terminal LNG import terminal was built in Marmara
Ereglisi in order to use for diversifying the natural gas supply
sources and increasing the supply security and elasticity. It also
serves as a base load plant and a means of peak shaving when
required. Under the contract of 20 years' term that was signed by
Botaþ and Sonatrach for the supply of LNG on April 14, 1988, Turkey
would purchase 2 Bcma of natural gas equivalent of LNG. Afterwards,
an Amendment to the Contract was signed on October 24, 1995.
Accordingly the import volume has been increased to 4 Bcma. Studies
were completed to increase permanent send-out capacity to 685.000
RESTRICTIONS: max.draft 15.5 m., No Limitations for Max.LOA.
ANCHORAGES: There is one area for LNG vessels near the
terminals. Lat.40 59 20 N, Long. 27 59 45 E. (Information on best
location of anchorage will be given by Pilot).
PILOTAGE: is compulsory for vessels entering or leaving the
ports and through the Dardanelles strait. Call Botas and Mehmetcik
Pilot on VHF channels 71, 16 two hours before arrival the entrance
of the strait for through the port. The South of Dardanelles Strait
pilot embarkation place is carried out on a line of 3 NM distance
drawn from the position 40 deg. 02'.00 N; Long. 26 deg. 11'.92 E to
the direction 262 deg., subject to weather conditions. After the
ship has berthed the Pilot /Loading master stays on the ship and
requires a separate cabin.
TOWAGE: 2 tugboats to assist through strait and berthing/unberthing.
Depending on weather and having regard for safety conditions,
additional tugs may be assigned by Botas or port master's office or
requested by vessel.
MAIN FUNCTION: The two main functions of the terminal are: 1-
LNG ship unloading and storage.
2 - LNG Vaporisation and natural gas send out the terminal is
designed for an average natural gas send out
rate of 6 billion Nm3/year.The terminal exported natural gas 4.5
billion Nm3 in 2001.
BERTHING: The marine jetty is a 380m long piled structure
with 73 steel piles The jetty is designed to berth LNG tankers of
40.000 to 130.000 m3 category. There are four breasting and six
mooring dolphins. The unloading arm system consist of four arms,
there 16" LNG unloading and one 12" vapor return arm.
UNLOADING AND STORAGE: After the unloading arms have been
connected, the LNG is sent to three storage tanks by the ship's
pumps at a flow rate of 10.500 m3/hr. The storage tanks are of the "double
containment self-supporting" type. Each tank is 39 m high and has a
capacity of 85.000 m3. Tank bunds in the form of 70 cm. thick
concrete walls are constructed vertically to surround each tank.
Inner tank is made up of 9% nickel steel and outer tank is carbon
steel. Three submerged, wheel mounted low pressure pumps are
provided for each tank. A fourth pump wheel is included in the tank
to accommodate a spare pump. Each tank LTD devices to avoid the
stratification of LNG.
LNG COMPRESSION AND REGASIFICATION: LNG regasification is
carried out at high pressure to avoid having to pressurize the gas
produced which requires much more energy. The LNG is removed from
the tanks by using submerged pumps which increase its pressure to
approx. 15 bars. Then, after reincorporation of the boil-off. LNG is
compressed by send out pumps located together in the high pressure
pumping station. The vaporization is performed by a group of open
rack sea water vaporizers. The LNG comes to the vaporizers at about
70 bars. The LNG flows from the lower tubes and is collated at the
top after being regasified at a temperature higher than 0.5°C. The
rated capacity of each of vaporizers is 228.000 Nm3/h of gas. The
sea water is returned to the sea at a temperature of 3-5°C less than
the intake temperature. When the sea water temperature is lower than
+6°C, the submerged combustion vaporizers are used.. There are four
submerged combustion vaporizers each a capacity of 124.000 Nm3/h.
GAS SENDOUT: The station for sending the gas into the main
pipeline includes: 4 m. runs using orifice plates; Odorizing station
with pump-type odorizes injecting ethylmercaptane at an average
concentration of 15 mg/Nm3 of gas; Pig launching / receiving station.
AUTOMATION METERING AND CONTROL SYSTEMS: Metering station
consists of four metering runs, one 6inc. and 20inc., each equipped
with flow pressure, Temperature and density transmitters and a
chromatograph unit to establish the quantity and properties of the
send out gas. After the metering station, the gas is odorized prior
to send out.
THE BASIC FUNCTIONS OF THE CONTROL CENTER LOCATED IN THE MAIN
CONTROL ROOM ERA AS FOLLOWS: Indication of analog and digital
variables. Alarm display. Historical trend recording and display.
Manipulation of controls including set points. Start/stop control of
units, valves open/close facilities. Process sequences. Initiation
of safety shut downs. Package unit interfaces. In addition, all gas
detection, UV/IR, HD, TD etc. throughout the terminal are displayed
and deluge and halon systems are controlled in control room.
FIRE PRECAUTIONS: Ship's watchmen to be on duty. All
operations involving open fires and sparks are prohibited.
WORKING HOURS: operates 24 hours a day year round.
FRESH WATER: available at the pier.
BUNKER: service is available by barge at anchorage. Only
lubrication oil supply at the pier.
AIRPORT: At Istanbul distance apprx. 100 km from the port.
BALLAST: Vessels shall not discharge into the water of the
port any part of the content of their cargo, slop or ballast tanks
or bilges which is liable to pollute these waters. Ballast water
must be declared and signed by the Master and delivered to the
terminal to this effect. Ship must not be swept or washed overboard.
GARBAGE DISPOSAL: available.
WASTE OIL DISPOSAL: available by barge.
SHORE LEAVE: Crew permitted ashore with shore passes. It is
forbidden to wander on jetty and in refinery area.
OTHER INFORMATION: All information about "Harbour Regulations"
and "International LPG Tanker and Terminal Safety Guide" given to
Master after berthing. The main engines of all vessels while at the
berth shall be kept ready for immediate use. Fire Fighting Equipment
must be adequately manned for fire-fighting and vacating the berth
in case of an emergency.
THERE IS ALSO ONE BUTANGAZ LPG TERMINALI - MARMARA EREGLISI :
BERTHING: Mooring to sea buoys. Max.LOA 230 m. at outer buoys,
145 m. at inner buoys.
Max.Draft 15 m. at outer buoys, 11 m. at inner buoys.
CARGO HANDLING RATES: Discharging; LPG MIX. 200-300 tons/hr.,
Propane 135-250 tons/hr. at outer buoys. Manifold dimension of hose
DOCUMENTS AND GENERAL VIEWS:
of these port; please see "A General View of Turkish Ports"
in the ports of Turkey section.
/ Marmara Sea
/ Aegean Sea